Breakdancing Basics

Breakdancing Basics

Rapping, DJing, graffiti, and b-boying, commonly referred to as breaking or breakdancing, are the four fundamental components of hip-hop culture. Breakdancing Basics What Is Breakdancing? Breakdancing, often known as breaking, b-boying, or b-girling, is an improvised, athletic form of street dancing. Toprock, drops, downrock, power moves, and freezes are some of the components. Breaking is…

Rapping, DJing, graffiti, and b-boying, commonly referred to as breaking or breakdancing, are the four fundamental components of hip-hop culture.

Breakdancing Basics

Breakdancing Basics
Breakdancing Basics

What Is Breakdancing?

Breakdancing, often known as breaking, b-boying, or b-girling, is an improvised, athletic form of street dancing. Toprock, drops, downrock, power moves, and freezes are some of the components. Breaking is a highly competitive sport, and break battles are a common occurrence. It may be done to any track with a strong, constant beat, but hip-hop is the genre that it is most frequently put to. Capoeira and uprock are dance styles that are comparable.

Breakdancing Basics
Breakdancing Basics

Despite being widely used in mainstream culture, the termbreakdance is frequently regarded as inaccurate and even derogatory due to the fact that it was created in the 1980s, when breakdancing first gained widespread attention. Additionally, the term breakdancing is sometimes used to describe other unrelated motions that gained popularity, such as popping and locking Los Angeles time is approximately the same.

A Brief History of Breakdancing

Breaking is typically credited to hip-hop pioneer DJ Kool Herc, who popularized the style by using “breaks”—the percussion- and bass-heavy passages of vintage funk and soul songs, like those by James Brown—in the early 1970s. Kool Herc started supporting the b-boys during performances, speaking to them over the mike when he looped the percussion breaks because dancers were especially animated during these breaks.

Breakdancing Basics

By the late 1970s, breakdancing had become an integral aspect of hip-hop culture in New York City, particularly among Black and Puerto Rican teenagers in the Bronx and Manhattan. The Rock Steady Crew was founded in 1977 by a group of breakers, including Richard “Crazy Legs” Colón, Kenneth “Ken Swift” Gabbert, and Santiago “JoJo” Torres.
When the Rock Steady Crew appeared in films like Flashdance, Wild Style, and Breakin’ in the early 1980s, breaking was thrust into the public eye. Then, breaking became incredibly popular all around the world as a sport and an art form. There are now sizable breaking communities everywhere, from Paris, France, to Tokyo, Japan. International breaking contests are held annually in a number of nations, and in 2024, breaking will make its Olympic debut.

5 Elements of Breakdancing

A breakdance set must consist of these five fundamental components:

  1. Toprock:
    These actions are carried out when you are standing. In order to create a visual split between standing, footwork, and floorwork, many breakdancers start their sets with toprock routines before moving on to other components.
  2. Downrock:
    The breaker usually performs these steps while seated on the ground and supporting oneself with their hands or feet. The six-step, in which breakers use their feet to push themselves in a circle while supporting themselves with their arms, is one of the most fundamental downrock maneuvers.
  3. Drops:
    Drops are where toprock and downrock meet. Breakers are free to use their drops whether simply or creatively they see fit.—b-boys and b-girls have the ability to add unusual physical movements or visual features.
  4. Power moves:
    These acrobatic maneuvers, which take their cues from gymnastics and martial arts, rely on athleticism and momentum. The windmill, swipe, flare, backspin, and headspin are some basic power moves.
  5. Freezes:
    These stances, which the breaker must maintain for a number of beats, call for both balance and strength. Freezes are most frequently used to signal the end of a set or during fast musical beats.

Major Breakdancing Competitions

A number of regular contests incorporate breaking, a fiercely competitive style of dance and sport:

Every year, Germany hosts the largest international breaking competition, known as Battle of the Year (BOTY).
An annual breaking contest conducted in Chelles, France, is called Chelles Battle Pro.
The top 16 breakers in the world compete in Red Bull BC One, an annual competition.

Breakdancing Basics
Breakdancing Basics

R16 Korea: An annual breaking contest held in South Korea.
Youth Olympics: Breaking made its official debut at the 2018 Youth Olympics in Buenos Aires in 2018, making it the sport’s first appearance in an Olympic event.

Olympic Games in 2024: The International Olympic Committee approved breaking as an Olympic sport in late 2020. The first time will be at the 2024 Olympics in Paris, France.

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